A century ago, the New York State Fair wasn't the only major happening in Syracuse around the Labor Day holiday. An organization of business leaders named themselves the "Mystique Krewe of Ka-Noo-No" and created the Ka-Noo-No Karnival, which took place downtown during State Fair week. The Karnival had a Native American theme to honor and celebrate Central New York's original residents.
During the Karnival, many buildings around downtown were spectacularly festooned with lights, as were both Clinton and Hanover Squares.
Small but elaborate floats would participate in a parade down South Salina Street after dark, where thousands lined the sidewalks. In 1906, the theme focused on Cortés' conquest of the Aztecs under Montezuma in Mexico. By modern standards, it's strange that the Karnival focused so much on the conquest of the Aztecs when it borrowed so much from the Native Americans, but at the time, society had little regard for "backward Indians."
Today, almost no large events take place downtown after dark, and what few continue are mainly limited to Clinton Square. Unlike recent events, the Karnival was intended for the entire family despite being held after late summer nightfalls. Note the float featuring Townsend School children above.